11 Fundamental Duties of the Indian Constitution

What are the Fundamental Duties of India?

The Fundamental Duties (FD) of India are dealt with in Article 51A under Part-IVA of the Indian Constitution.  The Fundamental Duties of India were added by the 42nd Amendment Act of the Constitution in 1976 upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the government earlier that year and the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002 in addition to creating and promoting culture, also strengthen the hands of the legislature in enforcing these duties about the fundamental rights. The concept of this Duties of India was taken from the Constitution of Russia (formerly known as USSR = Union Soviet Socialist Republic)

fundamental duties

Also, Read this Article The National Human Rights Commission of India-12th October 1993

Fundamental duties mean the moral obligations and duties of all citizens of a country and today India 11 Fundamental Duties, which are written in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution, to promote patriotism and strengthen the unity of India.

How many Fundamental Duties are there in Indian Constitution?

The following Fundamental Duties of India are:
  1. To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institution, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  3. To uphold and protect the Sovereignty, Unity, and Integrity of India.
  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood, amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities, to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
  6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
  8. To develop scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to a higher level of endeavor and achievement.
  11. Article 51A was added by the 86th Amendment Act, 2002 for the inclusion of the Right to Education of Children between the ages of 6-14 years as a fundamental right. It was made a Fundamental Duty of parents or guardians to send their children to schools.

These above are the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens which they are obliged to do to maintain and promote Indian society in balance, creating and promoting culture, and also strengthen the hands of the legislature in enforcing these duties about Fundamental Rights.  It is the moral duty of the Indian citizens and these are not enforceable.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are Fundamental Duties?

Fundamental duties (FD) mean the moral obligations and duties of all citizens of a country and today India has 11 Fundamental Duties, which are written in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution, to promote patriotism and strengthen the unity of India.

2. How many Fundamental Duties are there in Indian Constitution?

Today India has 11 Fundamental Duties, which are written in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution, to promote patriotism and strengthen the unity of India.

3. Fundamental Duties taken from which country?

The concept of Fundamental Duties of India was taken from Russia (formerly known as USSR).

4. When these Duties were added to the Constitution of India?

These FDs were added by the 42nd Amendment Act of the Constitution in 1976 upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee.

5. Which article of the Constitution of India deals with the FDs? 

FD of India is dealt with in Article 51A under Part-IVA of the Indian Constitution.

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