Deputy Speaker Of Lok Sabha House
Lok Sabha of the Indian Union Parliament is the lower house of the Indian Parliament. It is also known as the lower chamber of the House. It is the most powerful House in the Union Parliament. Unlike the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha is not a continuiting House which means it has a term of 5 years.
The President of India has the authority to dissolve the Lok Sabha at any time before the full expiry of its term of 5 years and this cannot be challenged in any court of law. Moreover, the term of Lok Sabha can be extended by the President of India during times of national emergencies by a law of Parliament for one year. However, such an extension cannot exceed a period of six months after the emergency has ceased to operate.
Presiding Officers of the Parliament
Each House of the Parliament has its own presiding officer. There is a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker for the Lok Sabha and a Chairman and Deputy Chairman for the Rajya Sabha. The Speaker and Chairman of either House of the Parliament presides over the meeting and maintains decorum and discipline in the House.
Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
The Indian Constitution also provides for the office of the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha. He is also a member of the House and elected by the members of the Lok Sabha from amongst themselves. The Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha performs the duties of the Speaker when the speaker is absent or the office of the speaker is vacant.
Like the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha is also elected by the members of the Lok Sabha itself from amongst themselves. The Deputy Speaker is elected after the election of the Speaker has taken place. The date to elect the Deputy Speaker is fixed by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. When the Speaker is absent, the Deputy Speaker takes his place. Whenever the office of the Deputy Speaker also falls vacant, the Lok Sabha can elect another member to fill the vacancy.
Like the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha also remains in office usually during the Lok Sabha. However, he may vacate his office earlier in any of the three following cases:
- If he ceases to be a member of the Lok Sabha.
- If he resigns by writing to the Speaker.
- If he is removed by the resolution passed by a majority of all the members of the Lok Sabha. Such resolution can be in motion only after giving 14 days advance notice.
Powers and Function of the Deputy Speaker
The Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha performs his duties in the absence of the Speaker. He also acts as a Speaker when the actual Speaker is absent from the sitting of the House. In both cases, he assumes all the powers of the Speaker. He also presides over the joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament in case the Speaker is absent from such sitting.
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Here the Deputy is not subordinate to the Speaker and he is directly responsible to the House. The Deputy Speaker has one special privilege, i.e. whenever is appointed as a member of the Parliamentary Committee, he automatically becomes its chairman.
Like the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker while presiding the House, cannot vote, he can only exercise casting a vote in case of a tie. Further, when a resolution for the removal of the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha is under consideration by the House, he cannot preside at the sitting of the House, though he may be present.
In conclusion, it can be mentioned that the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha exercises all the powers in case the Speaker is absent. He performs his duties in the absence of the Speaker. He also acts as a Speaker when the actual Speaker is absent from the sitting of the House.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha?
Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha from 1952 to 1956. He was also known as Dada Saheb. He is regarded as the “Father of Lok Sabha.
Who is the speaker of Lok Sabha?
The present Speaker of the Lok Sabha is Om Birla. He is the 17th Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
How many Seats are there in Lok Sabha?
The maximum and highest strength of the Lok Sabha is fixed at 552 members. Out of this 530 members are the representatives of the state, 20 members represent the various Union Territories of India, and 2 members are nominated by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian Community.
The present Lok Sabha is composed of 545 members. Out of this, 524 members are representing the state, 19 members are representing the Union Territories, and 2 members are nominated from the Anglo-Indian Community by the President.