The Speaker of Lok Sabha

SPEAKER OF LOK SABHA 

The speaker of the Lok Sabha is the most powerful man in the Lok Sabha. He enjoys supreme authority on the floor of the House. The office of the speaker is of great dignity and the speaker is respected by every member of the House. The speaker is requested by all the members, when he stands in the House no other members stand, and when he speaks no one else speaks. He is the chairman and the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha.

The speaker of the Lok Sabha presides over the meetings of the Lok Sabha, conducts the proceedings of the House, and maintains discipline and decorum in the House. He acts as a neutral chairman in the House. In his absence, the functions are performed by the Deputy Speaker. When both the Speaker and Deputy Speaker are not present in the House, one member from the panel of chairman presides over the meetings.

METHOD OF ELECTION

He is elected by the members of the Lok Sabha from amongst themselves. After a new Lok Sabha is constituted, they conduct a very first meeting where they elect one of its members of the Lok Sabha as Speaker and one as Deputy Speaker. The leader of the majority party recommends the name of the speaker after consulting the leaders of the opposition parties. The leader of the opposition party named the second one. The election to the office of the speaker takes only if the majority party and other parties disagree over the issue.

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The qualification to be the speaker of the Lok Sabha is the same as the requirement given to the members of the Lok Sabha. However, only an experienced and popular member is always elected to this coveted (desirable) office. The tenure of the speaker is equal to the tenure of the Lok Sabha which is 5 years.

POWER AND FUNCTION OF THE SPEAKER OF LOK SABHA

The speaker of the Lok Sabha also performs some powers and functions in the following ways;

  1. Presides over the meeting of the House: The speaker presides over the meetings of the House and conducts its proceedings. He also presides over the joint sittings of the two Houses of Parliament.
  2. Maintains discipline in the House: The Speaker maintains discipline in the House. If any member disrupts or tries to disrupt the proceedings of the House, he can warn him or ask him to leave the House. He can even suspend any member from the House if he finds guilty of violating the discipline and decorum of the House.
  3. To fix the agenda of the House: The speaker in consultation with other members committees of the House and the Prime Minister fixes the agenda of the meetings of the House.
  4. Permission to ask questions: Each member can ask questions to the minister to get information on various matters. However, to ask questions, one has to get the permission of the Speaker first. Then the speaker decides and allows to raise the questions.
  5. Decision about money bill: If a dispute arises regarding the question as to whether a bill is a money bill or not, the decision is made by the speaker. Such a decision is final and it cannot be challenged inside or outside the House.
  6. Act as a link between the President and the Parliament: The members of the Lok Sabha can approach the President through the Speaker who acts as a link between the President and the Parliament.
  7. Power to adjourn the House: The Speaker of the Lok Sabha has the power to adjourn the meetings of the House if the quorum of the House is not complete or if the conducting of the business of the House is not possible due to disorderly behavior of its members or for any other purpose or some serious matter.
  8. To exercise a casting vote: The speaker of the Lok Sabha does not participate in the debate and discussions of the House. He even does not take part in the voting on bills. Although as a member, he has the right to vote. In case of a tie over a bill, he can exercise his casting vote.

The speaker of the Lok Sabha is the most powerful one and enjoys supremacy on the floor of the House and is respected by every member of the House, when he stands in the House no other members stand, and when he speaks no one else speaks. He is the chairman and the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha.

Related Article Indian Union Parliament: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

He presides over the meetings of the Lok Sabha, conducts the proceedings of the House, and maintains discipline and decorum in the House. He acts as a neutral chairman in the House. In his absence, the functions are performed by the Deputy Speaker. When both the Speaker and Deputy Speaker are not present in the House, one member from the panel of chairman presides over the meetings.

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