United Nations Flag and Brief Description of United Nations
It was during the period of the Second World War that the a need for a new and comprehensive organization of states for maintaining international peace and security and promoting international cooperation.
The failure of the League of Nations was held to be a passing phenomenon. The statesmen and diplomats were with their thinking that there was a need to create a new international organization that would be capable of serving the need for preserving international peace and security through the development of friendly and cooperative relations among nations.
It was also needed to provide an international platform for international meetings, discussions, and debates and to decide all issues and problems of the relations.
United Nations is an international organization whose aim is to preserve international peace and security through the development of friendly and cooperative relations among the nations. The name United Nations was created by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration of the United Nations made on 1st January 1942 when representatives of 26 nations pledged their governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.
The United Nations officially existed on 24 October 1945, when the Charter was ratified by Britain, China, France, The USA, and the USSR (now Russia). The United Nations Charter contains 10,000 words in 111 Articles which are divided into 19 Chapters and are prepared in 5 official languages – French, Russian, English, Spanish, and Chinese. Presently, the UN has 6 official languages – Arabic, French, Russian, English, Spanish, and Chinese.
The UN is composed of 6 main organs. They are:
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- International Court of Justice (ICJ)
- Trusteeship Council
- Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
- Secretary General or UN Secretariat
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF UN
- To save the future generations from the scourge of war.
- To maintain faith in fundamental human rights, in the worth and dignity of the human person and equal rights of men, women, and nations.
- To establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties can be maintained.
- To promote social progress and a better standard of life.
PURPOSES OF UN
Article 1 of the UN Charter lays down the following purposes of the UN.
- To maintain international peace and security.
- To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian character.
- To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights.
- To be a center for harmonizing the actions achieving the above ends.
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PRINCIPLES OF UNITED NATIONS
Article 2 of the UN Charter lays down the following principles according to which the UN and its members are to work:
- The organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its members.
- All the members will fulfill in good faith the obligations of the UN Charter.
- The UN shall ensure that the states that are not members of the UN will act by the principles of the UNO.
- All the members of the UNO will settle their disputes peacefully.
- The members shall refrain from using force or threatening to use force against the territorial integrity of any state.
- All the members are to give every help in any action that the UN may take by the UN Charter.
- The UNO is not to interfere in the domestic matters of the states.
It can be said that the United Nations is an international organization that aims to safeguard international peace and security through the development of friendly and cooperative relations among the nations.